Some advantages of using
- Multiplexing, Using multiple windows (running/debugging, editor, version control, etc)
- De-coupled from desktop window manager
- Persistence, possible to detach/reattach sessions
- Easily accessible remotely via SSH
- Able to share screen sessions with others over SSH
Here's a short list of some useful keyboard shortcuts for
screen to release some of its power.
Key Action Notes Ctrl+a c new window Ctrl+a n next window Ctrl+a p previous window Ctrl+a " select window from list Ctrl+a Ctrl+a previous window viewed Ctrl+a A Re-name window Ctrl+a S split terminal horizontally into regions Ctrl+a c to create new window there Ctrl+a | split terminal vertically into regions Requires screen >= 4.1 Ctrl+a :resize resize region Ctrl+a :fit fit screen size to new terminal size Ctrl+a F is the same. Do after resizing xterm Ctrl+a :remove remove region Ctrl+a X is the same Ctrl+a tab Move to next region Ctrl+a d detach screen from terminal Start screen with -r option to reattach Ctrl+a A set window title Ctrl+a x lock session Enter user password to unlock Ctrl+a esc enter scrollback/copy mode Ctrl+a [ is the same., esc to escape back to normal mode or enter/space to mark text to copy Ctrl+a ] paste buffer Supports pasting between windows Ctrl+a > write paste buffer to file useful for copying between screens Ctrl+a < read paste buffer from file useful for pasting between screens Ctrl+a ? show key bindings/command names Note unbound commands only in man page Ctrl+a : goto screen command prompt up shows last command entered
Note: screen has its own scrollback buffer seperate from your terminal emulator such as xterm or rxvt. It is accessible through the copy/scrollback mode reachable by
ctrl+a esc. In this mode a vi-like editor is active. Use esc escape back to normal mode.